Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition in which one or more blood clots occur in a vein and travel to the heart, lungs, or brain. This condition can develop due to some medical issues or from sitting or standing for long periods. Post thrombotic syndrome (PTS) occurs because of DVT, which obstructs or damages veins and valves.
Many people who suffer from DVT eventually develop PTS. Symptoms include swelling, redness, chronic pain in the leg/s, and ulcers. Treatment options for post thrombotic syndrome can be painful and expensive.
What causes PTS?
One of the causes is the damage caused by DVT to the veins. If diagnosed and treated right away, the damage can be prevented. When vein valves get damaged, blood flows in the wrong direction, causing pooling. This leads to other problems, including itchy skin, swelling, and redness. It can even cause leg ulcers. When veins get really damaged and blood cannot flow, it causes serious post thrombotic syndrome.
Symptoms of PTS
Some of the common symptoms include:
- Aching legs
- Swelling and heaviness
- Tingling and itchiness
- Ulcers or sores
If you have any or some of the above, see a doctor and get treatment as soon as possible.
Treatment options vary based on the severity of the condition. Doctors usually recommend wearing compression stockings, elevating the limb(s), taking blood thinners, and pain medication. Exercise also plays a role in helping the ankle and calves get stronger and ensure that the blood is pumped back up to the heart. Getting timely treatment for PTS is important to prevent serious health problems and impaired mobility.
While PTS is a difficult condition to treat, you can prevent it from occurring or getting worse. The key is to get an accurate and quick diagnosis for DVT. Once the diagnosis is made, medication and care will prevent it from getting serious.